The opening sections of this volume address people’s attitude towards the human body and the environmental influence on health; symptoms of illnesses, fever in particular, and also general remedies, such as sweating and rubs to relieve pains in joints, breathing disorders or pulled muscles. Folk medicine was often resorted to, particularly when it came to fracture or displacement of bones, and various traditional medicines and herbal remedies were kept in every home.
Data concerning illnesses includes the following: head ailments, headaches toothaches, eye and ear diseases; skin irritations and lesions, skin contagious diseases and infections, skin marks, hair and nail disorders, all of them widely treated by healers; blood-related problems; respiratory diseases; stomach and intestinal upsets; diseases of liver, kidney and other entrails; rheumatism and lumbago; fractures and dislocations; wounds, bleeding and extraction of thorns; bites and stings; frostbite, heat-stroke, choking and lightning strike; menstruation, pregnancy and delivery, breast-feeding ailments, pregnancy terminations, sterility and fertility, and menopause. Childhood illnesses are also accounted for. Finally, a study is presented of the beliefs about the cause of some diseases, specifically the evil eye, as well as the relationship between health and popular religiosity, whereby customs related to hermitages and sanctuaries as reliable methods of preserving health and curing certain diseases were established.
Fieldwork conducted in 79 localities (Álava: 21; Bizkaia: 19; Gipuzkoa: 10; Navarre: 19; Northern Basque Country: 10). Research campaign carried out in 1989. Date of publication: 2004.