Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country

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Hearth. Zeanuri (B), 1980. Source: Ander Manterola, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
House and Family in the Basque Country

House and Family in the Basque Country

Su bako etxea, gorputz odol bagea. A house without fire is like a body without blood.
Family Diet in the Basque Country

Family Diet in the Basque Country

Donde no hay ni pan ni pollos, el horno no está para bollos. If there’s no bread or chicken, you shouldn’t bake rolls.
Scoring after fermentation. Source: Ander Manterola, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Pin, pin, zarramacatín. Carranza (B), 1993. Source: Luis Manuel Peña, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Honek arrautza ekarri, honek erreten ipini, honek gatza eman, honek pixka bat probatu, honek dena jan! Game with fingers
Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Kirkila bat eta kirkila bi, kirkilak dira hamabi: hamabitik hamaikara, hamaikatik hamarrera, hamarretik bederatzira, bederatzitik zortzira, zortzitik zazpira, zazpitik seira, seitik bostera, bostetik laura, lautik hirura, hirutik bira, bitik batera, batetik bapezera. Formula for scrofula treatment
Laurel. Source: Luis Manuel Peña, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Under the portico. Orozko (B), 1956. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive.
Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Ogiaren kurruskua mutikoa izan dadin. Eat up your crusts to have a boy.
Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Cuando el cárabo canta, la muerte levanta. When the tawny owl hoots, death wakes up.
Santa-Grazi (Z). Source: Boissel, W. Le Pays Basque. Sites, Arts et Coutumes. Paris, A. Calavas edit.
Dark-faced latxa sheep. Abadiño (B). Source: Rosa M.ª Ardanza, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

The permanence of shepherding in the mountains of the Basque Country over centuries may help understand the fact that denominations given to diverse species of livestock, as well as to the implements used, form a distinguishing lexical corpus, independent from Indoeuropean languages.
Agriculture in the Basque Country

Agriculture in the Basque Country

Ezkur urte, laborte urte. Acorns a plenty, a year of prosperity.
Unloading grain into the trailer. Argandoña (A), 2003. Source: Juan José Galdos, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.