Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country

From Atlas Etnográfico de Vasconia
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Zurututza Farmhouse. Zeanuri (B), c. 1925. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: Felipe Manterola Collection.
House and Family in the Basque Country

House and Family in the Basque Country

Etxeko habeak, etxeko berri. A fool knows more in his own house than a wise man in another’s.
Family Diet in the Basque Country

Family Diet in the Basque Country

On dagizula janak eta kalterik ez edanak. Enjoy what you eat and drink.
Txotx, cider tasting. Gipuzkoa, 1988. Source: Antxon Aguirre, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Drawing of lots. Zeanuri (B), 1993. Source: Ander Manterola, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Txirristi-mirristi, gerrena, plat, olio-zopa, kikili-salda, urrup edan edo klik, ikimilikiliklik. Drawing lots chant
Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Osasuna, munduko ondasuna. The first wealth is health.
Vaccination agains poliomyelitis, 1964. Source: Municipal Archive of Vitoria-Gasteiz: Arqué Collection.
Offering to the departed. Donostia, 1958. Source: Segundo Oar-Arteta, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Ezkonberri, etxe berri. A married person wants a house.
Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Omens of death included those associated with strange behaviour by some domestic animals, mainly dogs and cockerels.
Caring for the graves on the occasion of All Saints’ Day. Bilbao (B), 1990. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: José Ignacio García Muñoz.
Grazing in Eneabe. Zeanuri (B), 1996. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: José Ignacio García Muñoz.
Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Two millennia ago Pliny distinguished Vasconum saltus, humid and wooded, from Vasconum ager, with its grain fields and vineyards. That distinction still remains today, with regard to livestock farming.
Agriculture in the Basque Country

Agriculture in the Basque Country

Until the 1950s, flour mills were an essential aspect of the livestock-farming economy of our villages.
Mill in Carranza (B), 1977. Source: Miguel Sabino Díaz, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.