Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country

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Old and young husband and wife. Areatza (B), beginning of the 20th century. Source: Rubén de Las Hayas’ private archive.
House and Family in the Basque Country

House and Family in the Basque Country

The aim was to ensure that the family wealth, taken to be the farmstead and its belongings, would be passed on in full or only slightly diminished, and improved if possible, from parents to their offspring.
Family Diet in the Basque Country

Family Diet in the Basque Country

Nahiz dala udea, nahiz dala negua, goizeko zortziretan, armozu ordua. Folk song
Meal on board. Source: Aguirre Archive.
Pin, pin, zarramacatín. Carranza (B), 1993. Source: Luis Manuel Peña, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Honek arrautza ekarri, honek erreten ipini, honek gatza eman, honek pixka bat probatu, honek dena jan! Game with fingers
Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Nolako gaitza, halako erremedioa. There’s a cure for everything.
Sarnapotzu, Magdalene of Arantzadi’s Hermitage. Berriatua (B), 1983. Source: Ander Manterola, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Dancing during patronal celebrations. Zeanuri (B), 1922. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: Felipe Manterola Collection.
Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Young men and women would meet during the Sunday stroll, dances and pilgrimages.
Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Jaiotzetik heriotza zor. When you begin to live, you being to die.
Infant shroud. Durango (B). Source: Gerediaga Association Archive: Germán Photographic Studio.
Climb to the mountain. Aia (G), 1998. Source: Antxon Aguirre, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

At the end of the Middle Ages, flocks in the Basque valleys converged on the same mountains that are now the main summer grassland used for grazing.
Agriculture in the Basque Country

Agriculture in the Basque Country

Uzta garaian lokartzen, miserian iratzartzen. Anyone who sleeps at harvest time wakes up destitute.
Milking of olive trees. Moreda (A), 2015. Source: José Ángel Chasco, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.