Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country

De Atlas Etnográfico de Vasconia
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Four generations of the same family. Ajangiz (B), 1977. Source: Segundo Oar-Arteta, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
House and Family in the Basque Country

House and Family in the Basque Country

The family was the cornerstone of the farmstead, and the farmsteads along with the families provided coherence and structure to the neighbourhood and society.
Family Diet in the Basque Country

Family Diet in the Basque Country

Ogi erre berri, etxe galgarri. Soft bread at home, an unruly household.
Bread baking. Ariztimuño Farmhouse. Oñati (G), 1955. Source: Antxon Aguirre, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Watching over the child. Source: Novedades. Donostia, 1914.
Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Obabatxua lo ta lo, zuk orain eta nik gero; zeuk gura dozun orduren baten, biok egingo dogu lo ta lo. Lullaby
Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

The widespread belief was that Christmas Eve’s bread, ogi salutadorea, would not go mouldy and would prevent rabies in dogs and other domestic animals.
Christmas bread. Source: Akaitze Kamiruaga, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Bilbao, 1995. Source: Asier Astigarraga’s private archive.
Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Charms, kutunak, were attached to children’s clothes and were said to protect them from the evil eye.
Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Light offerings would light up the way for the soul of the deceased. And bread would sustain it.
Light offerings. Amezketa (G). Source: Garmendia Larrañaga, Juan. Neguko Festak. Donostia, 1993, J. Juanes Photographic Archive.
Dolmen of Gaxteenia. Mendibe (NB), 1980. Source: Blot, Jacques. Artzainak. Les bergers basques. Los pastores vascos. Donostia: Elkar, 1984.
Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

“The axial zone of the Basque Pyrenees retains underneath a maze of folds traits of a time-honoured culture.” J. M. Barandiaran
Agriculture in the Basque Country

Agriculture in the Basque Country

Spades, ploughs, rakes, sickles, scythes and threshers were the essential tools for agricultural work.
Spading. Zeanuri (B), 1920. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: Felipe Manterola Collection.