Ethnographic Atlas of the Basque Country

De Atlas Etnográfico de Vasconia
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Munekogoikoa Farmhouse. Neighbourhood of Urigoiti (Orozko-B), 1994. Source: Edurne Romarate, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
House and Family in the Basque Country

House and Family in the Basque Country

The oldest farmsteads are those where the use of timber was pivotal, both for its internal and external structure.
Family Diet in the Basque Country

Family Diet in the Basque Country

Ogi erre berri, etxe galgarri. Soft bread at home, an unruly household.
Bread baking. Ariztimuño Farmhouse. Oñati (G), 1955. Source: Antxon Aguirre, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Children from Beasain in Egozkuen (N), 1967. Source: José Zufiaurre, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Children’s Games in the Basque Country

Txori-ikasten They played looking for birds’ nests and thus learnt about their habits, their songs, the way the nests were built…
Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

Traditional Medicine in the Basque Country

No distinctions between beliefs and empirical cures in the traditional mindset.
Medals and religious charms. Source: Patxo Fernández de Jauregui, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Passacaglia. Sangüesa (N), c. 1960. Source: Juan Cruz Labeaga, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Rites from Birth to Marriage in the Basque Country

Gazteak, badakizue zelan dantzan egin: burua gora-gora ta kaderai eragin. Folk verse
Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Funeral Rites in the Basque Country

Oilarrak gauez kukurruku jotzen badu, laster izango da gorpuren bat etxe hartan. A cockerel crowing at sunset, death is looming.
Funerary stelae. Irulegi (NB). Source: Michel Duvert, Etniker Euskalerria Groups.
Goats wearing bells. Anboto (B), 1999. Source: Labayru Fundazioa Photograhic Archive: José Ignacio García Muñoz.
Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Livestock Farming and Shepherding in the Basque Country

Cowbells, in the same way as chimes, have been attributed with the power to protect the livestock from spells. Their use to protect against the evil eye, begizkoa, was very widespread in the past.
Agriculture in the Basque Country

Agriculture in the Basque Country

Both animal and human power had a decisive impact on the way of working and on the crops until the introduction of modern machinery.
Haulage of wheat sheaves. Álava, c. 1940. Source: Municipal Archive of Vitoria-Gasteiz: Enrique Guinea Collection.