Alimentación Doméstica en Vasconia (Family Diet in the Basque Country) is an ethnographical investigative work produced by the ETNIKER Groups of EUSKALERRIA. It is the first of a set of works that will make up the Atlas Etnográfico de Vasconia (Ethnographical Atlas of the Basque Country), which has been designed by Mr. José Miguel de Barandiarán.
Thematically, this publication is focused on the questionnaire on food which appears in the Guía para una encuesta etnográfica, (Guide for an ethnographical survey), (Chapter 1, Domestic Group, questions 37-87). Its main contents refer to traditional diet within the family, food preparation processes, preserving techniques and changes undergone throughout this century. This survey has mainly been rounded off with ritual aspects and celebrations related to traditional diet.
This investigation has been carried out within the territory forming nowadays the Basque Country, located in West Europe and covering the area between the rivers Adour, in the North, and Ebro, in the South. These provinces are made up by two political authorities of the Spanish State (Basque Autonomous Community and Community of Navarra) and part of the French Department of the Atlantic Pyrenees. As a whole, it covers an area of 20,531 km2, and its population amounts to 2,937,151 inhabitants (By 1990).
Surveys and field work have been performed in 74 towns regionally distributed in Alava, Biscay, Guipuzcoa, Northern Basque provinces (Labourd, Basse-Navarre, Soule) and Navarra. The criterion used in order to select towns has been the regional diversity of the territory subject to this study and of the rural, urban and coastal areas where it has been carried out.
The aim of both this first volume and of the following ones which will integrate the Atlas, is to study the human group of the Basque Country. Family diet is the first contribution to the Atlas to which many others will follow, which will include the house with its furniture and furnishings, clothing, the family members and their legal relationship, rites of passage, relationships within the family and between neighbours, popular medicine, religiousness, the popular calendar and the different ways of life.